About LNG


LNG is natural gas that is liquefied, and is widely used in the energy sector. LNG has many benefits compared to petroleum, other gas or electricity-producing coal. CO2 emissions are significantly reduced by about 25%, and there are many other positive effects. NOX emissions are reduced by about 90%. There is no emission of sulfur, dust and particles. This is why we can safely say that the transition from any fossil fuel to natural gas will contribute to a better environment, locally and globally.



LNG is natural gas cooled to about -162°C (-260°F), at this temperature the gas is in a liquid state. Cooling causes a volume reduction of 6000%, allowing the gas to be effectively transported and stored in vacuum-isolated tanks on trucks, containers and ships. Therefore, LNG is a more flexible and storage-friendly solution than piped gas or compressed natural gas (CNG).


Advantages of Chemical Properties

Facts about LNG – LNG is mostly composed of methane (CH4). During the combustion process, a methane molecule reacts with two water molecules and...

Low Risks LNG

LNG has a low burn rate. LNG requires a gas/air mixture of around 5-15% to be flammable. Lower mix…..

Non-Toxic LNG

LNG has a low burn rate. LNG requires a gas/air mixture of around 5-15% to be flammable. Lower mix...

Effects In The Event Of A Leak

LNG has no color or odor and is non-toxic. Natural gas leaks can still affect the amount of oxygen available while in...


LNG is a clean energy source with easy regulation. Requires minimal maintenance and the delivery process is fast and simple.

Economical Maintenance Costs

Using LNG as an energy source reduces maintenance in boilers and engines significantly. LNG has operational advantages...

Better Regulatory Options

LNG has much better regulation options and control of the combustion process compared to oil. Better regulation reduces...

Easy Delivery System

When you choose LNG as an energy source we will handle all the LNG infrastructure. We will monitor stock and gas consumption for...

Company's Business Chain

PGN LNG is a subsidiary of PGN which was established to carry out a special business in the LNG sector. We are tasked with developing LNG infrastructure throughout Indonesia and supporting PGN by ensuring the stability of gas supply (Security of Gas Supply).

We will be responsible for procuring LNG, transporting LNG to the LNG Terminal, building the LNG Terminal and distributing gas directly to customer facilities. We are ready to take a role along the LNG supply chain, starting from the construction of LNG Liquefaction Plant, FSRU, Small FSRU, Land Based LNG Terminal, Small Regas Terminal and LNG Bunkering Terminal with various modes of transportation using LNG Carrier and/or LNG Trucking.


Using LNG as an energy source can have a positive cost impact compared to electricity and other fossil fuels.

   Three Benefits of Cost

There are three main advantages that make natural gas and LNG more cost effective than alternative energy sources. For our customers, low cost is the main reason to choose energy solutions from PT PGN LNG Indonesia. The three benefits are: Low investment, low energy prices, and lower taxes and fees.

   Low Investment Costs

Converting to LNG is often not associated with significant investment costs. Depending on your existing equipment, you may need to replace the burner or adapt your existing burner. We will provide a solution for you on what to do in the shipping specifications.

   Cheaper Energy Prices

We provide effective means of transportation and minimal storage costs resulting in low energy costs for our customers. The cost of LNG energy varies monthly and is typically lower than alternative energy from the grid or other oil, coal and gas.

   Lower Tax's Fee

Using LNG as your energy source provides major environmental benefits when compared to using oil and other fossil fuels. Compared to light fuel oil there is a reduction in CO2 emissions of around 25% and NOX of around 90%. There is no emission of dust or particles from the combustion process. This results in lower taxes, fees, and penalties from the government for emissions.


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Advantages of Chemical Properties

Facts about LNG – LNG is mostly composed of methane (CH4). When carried out the combustion process, a methane molecule reacts with two water molecules and turns into a carbon dioxide molecule (CO2) and 2 water molecules and an energy of 891 kJ. What looks like exhaust gas from burning natural gas is just water vapor and CO2.

Other fuels such as propane and petroleum products are heavier having molecules with more carbon atoms. Propane (C3H8) has three carbon atoms and eight hydrogen atoms, the more carbon in the molecule the higher the CO2 emission when burned.

As the lightest/simplest hydrocarbon, LNG has lower emissions than all other hydrocarbons. In general, using LNG can reduce emissions by 25% compared to light fuel oil.

Low Risks LNG

LNG has a low burn rate. LNG requires a gas/air mixture of around 5-15% to be flammable. Lower or higher mixture will not burn. Besides requiring a spark to ignite, LNG will burn automatically at 540°C (1004°F).

In the event of an LNG leak, the liquid/gas will be heavier than air as long as the temperature is lower than 100 °C (212 °F). LNG will quickly evaporate to a gaseous state, rise and mix with air to form a non-combustible mixture. Other and heavier gases will usually fall and stay close to the ground where they can form a flammable area.

Non-Toxic LNG

LNG has no color or odor and is non-toxic. Natural gas leaks can still affect the amount of oxygen available when in an enclosed space. LNG can be dangerous if someone comes into direct contact with the supercooled gas. Generally, natural gas is considered a very safe fuel, and is therefore often used as a household gas.

Effects In The Event Of A Leak

A natural gas or LNG leak will have minimal impact on plant and animal life, except for anything that comes into direct contact with the LNG/gas in a very cold state. This is different from oil spills from shipping, transportation or oil tanks which have negative environmental impacts. Operational benefits Converting fuel to LNG reduces maintenance costs, LNG burns cleaner without soot. Cost effectiveness LNG is affordable and reliable energy and lower emissions mean higher cost savings. very large and can result in large costs.

However, natural gas leaks should not occur. Therefore, PT PGN LNG Indonesia implements safe operating procedures and uses the most modern and sophisticated equipment available.

Economical Maintenance Costs

Menggunakan LNG sebagai sumber energi mengurangi perawatan di boiler dan mesin secara signifikan. LNG memiliki keunggulan operasional yang unik, pembakarannya bersih dan minim jelaga dan emisi debu/partikel yang rendah. Ini mengurangi frekuensi penghentian perawatan secara signifikan.

Better Regulatory Options

LNG memiliki pilihan regulasi dan kontrol proses pembakaran yang jauh lebih baik dibandingkan dengan minyak. Regulasi yang lebih baik mengurangi konsumsi energi yang berlebihan dan dapat memberikan manfaat ekonomi yang besar. LNG sangat bermanfaat dalam bisnis dengan fluktuasi produksi dan konsumsi energi yang tinggi.

Easy Delivery System

Saat anda memilih LNG sebagai sumber energi kami akan menangani segala infrastruktur LNG. Kami akan memantau stok dan konsumsi gas untuk memastikan selalu tersedia banyak gas. Pelanggan kami dapat fokus pada bisnis inti mereka dan tidak khawatir tentang energi. Akses ke pemantauan dan tingkat gas dapat diberikan jika Anda menginginkan/membutuhkan ini. Contohnya adalah menganalisis hubungan antara produksi dan konsumsi energi.

LNG Plant

LNG Plant is a facility that functions to liquefy gas into LNG and is usually built close to a gas source. This liquefaction process is carried out as a method to deliver gas to reach customers located at a distance from gas sources, or to serve areas that have not been reached by pipelines.

Sebelum dicairkan, gas akan melalui sebuah proses pemurnian, antara lain pembuangan gas asam, dehidrasi, pembuangan mercury dan kontaminan lainnya.

FSRU Lampung

The Lampung FSRU is integrated with the SSWJ pipeline which connects gas sources in Sumatra with the largest potential customers in West Java, Indonesia. FSRU Lampung receives LNG from an LNG carrier through an inter-ship configuration for the regasification process. FSRU Lampung is located approximately 21 km from the ORF receiving station and the Labuhan Maringgai gas distribution station.

The FSRU is a Floating Storage and Regasification Unit moored on a structure called a Yoke Tower, whose top can rotate 360° to ensure the FSRU remains safe when changing sea conditions around it.

Onshore Receiving Facilities

Process plant where the LNG that has been regasified at the FSRU is further processed before being forwarded to the customer. The process that occurs in the ORF consists of several stages, namely the gas from the FSRU enters the filter and then is heated by an Indirect Fired Water Bath Heater or commonly abbreviated as IFWBH after that it passes through the Metering system and finally the pressure is reduced through the Pressure Let Down Valve before continuing to deliver gas to the customer.


It is an FSRU facility with a vessel capacity of up to 30,000 m3, usually used for smaller energy needs of up to 50 MMSCFD.

LNG Base Receive Terminal

Onshore reception facilities that function to store LNG. LNG can be further distributed using the LNG trucking method, LNG ISO container or piped in gas form.

LNG Bunkering For Marine

LNG Bunkering is a facility used to store, distribute and refill LNG as fuel for ships.